The Teutonic Knights were founded on the 19th November 1190, during the Third Crusade to the Holy Land.
On the 6th February 1191, they were legalised by Pope Clement III, receiving the protection of Pope Celestine III in 1196. This knightly Order; The Teutonic Knights consisted of forty knights an order of German Knights.
The Teutonic Knights played their part in the Holy Land, but their main object was to bring Christianity to the pagan inhabitants of the Baltic’s.
In 1197, the Cistercian Abbot, Berthold of Loccum, was posted to Livonia (Latvia) in the eastern Baltics. The pagan inhabitants of Livonia did not take to the Abbot, and attempted to drown this man of God, and then they set fire to the church as he preached his words.
Abbot Berthold, returned to Germany, where he raised a Crusader army, to put down these pagan’s of Livonia.
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