An ancient hospice for Christian pilgrims, was located in Jerusalem, and had been in existence well before the arrival of these Crusaders. The Hospice was founded by Abbot Probus around 600AD. It underwent restoration in 1010 by the Emperor of Charmagne, only to be destroyed by Caliph El-Hamin, and in 1023 restored by the citizens of Amalfi.
In 1048, the Order of St.John was born by Amalfian merchants and its founder Gerard from Martigues in Provence, who also went by the name; Blessed Gerard, the then Benedictine Abbot of St.Maria Latina. First came the construction of a church, convent and hospital in Jerusalem, offering care to pilgrims of any faith.
The Hospice had been dedicated to St.John the Almoner.
What would follow over the coming years would be the creation of a chivalric order, which would evolve into a military machine.
A Papal Bull was issued on the 15th
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