Julius Caesar’s invasion force landed on Britain’s south-coast in 55 BC, and found it inhabited by Celtic tribes. In 56 BC Caesar returned to Britain, and came face to face with the Catevellauni, whom he defeated in battle. Caesar set up treaties and alliances before withdrawing his forces, and so the Roman occupation of Britain had begun.
In AD43, Emperor Claudius sent Aulus Plautius with a force of some 24,000 Roman soldiers to Britain, with orders to establish a military presence. By AD79 England and Wales were under Roman control.
Emperor Vespasian believed Scotland should also become part of the Roman Empire, but they resisted the Romans.
Julius Agricola, Governor of Britain was faced with a formidable task. By AD81 he had subdued southern Scottish tribal clans of Selgovae, Novantae and Votadini. Roman forces headed northwards, intent on provoking the Caledonians into battle against hardened Roman warriors. They…
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